The Enneagram Center for Transformation and Change
The Type Four is known as the Individualist, the introverted, sensitive type. Known for their expressive
nature, and their capacity to openly feel and talk about the depths of their feelings, and able to be
brutally honest about what they are experiencing, they are the deep divers of the Enneagram, traveling
inner places that most would rather avoid. But for the Type Four, this can become home, this place of
depth, sadness, transcendence, the agony and the ecstasy. Life with a Four is anything but calm, trust
me on this one. They are able to ride the waves of transcendent bliss and drop to the floor of fringe-
dwelling outsidership in three seconds flat. Heaven to hell, faster than a speeding bullet. Their emotional
weather pattern is unprecedented and from this inner storm, if they get balanced enough and healthy
enough, can emerge works of great art, spiritual mystery and wisdom, heartfelt compassion and
understanding for the emotional struggles and pain that everyone experiences, and words and works
that capture these deep inner states. Joni Mitchell is a shining example of the Four who articulates the
depths of the human soul, as does Bobby Dylan. And add to this, beloved Don Riso.
So really, you've got to love the Four with all your heart because they stand in the stuff that most of us
avoid, and would never even stick our toes into. Like the Eight, they have a different kind of rare courage
to go straight to the truth of their inner world, right smack into the heart of darkness, and retrieve sacred
gifts of the soul. However, it is dangerous territory they travel and guides are needed. Sharp-eyed
guides who can assist them in finding the true diamonds of the Heart, and not get hypnotized by the very
stuff they seek to understand.
The average Four is driven by a deep fear, that of having no identity, being unable to sense their true
identity, and often feel as though they have been cut off from something vital within them, the genuine
felt sense of “This is who I am.” Their sense of identity can be fleeting and temporary, and this for the
Four, is a terrible agony, this difficulty in landing an internal sense of “This is me.” Thus, there basic
desire is to find and express their true self, their unique self, to create something that at least mimics a
sense of “this is my uniqueness.” Caught in the agonizing tidal pool of no identity Fours can easily begin
to feel as though they are outsiders, different than everyone else, someone suffering with a unique sort
of suffering that the ordinary masses doesn't comprehend or understand. But it is true, their particular
suffering is different than the other Eight Types, and truth be known, the million other Fours on the
planet most likely are struggling with the same deep issues: who am I, how will I find myself, why can't I
establish a steady sense of identity, when will I deeply sense and know who I am and why I'm here, why
do I feel like an outsider, so different than everyone else. The root of the problem is the Heart Center.
Like all the Heart Center types, the Heart Center is blocked. The Heart Center is the center of true
identity. All of us sense our true identity and value through this center, so while the Two seeks to fill the
blockage of the Heart by earning love from others, and the Three seeks identity and value by getting
appreciation for their success, the Four attempts to heal this blockage by developing a unique identity,
something different than the rest, while unwittingly identifying too closely with their deep sadness,
rejections, and abandonments in their life. And while one of their greatest gifts is being able to sit right in
the middle of genuine suffering, and feel it and talk about it, unwittingly they begin to develop an identity
around this innate capacity, and in so doing start to disidentify with anything that looks and feels like
happiness or joy. It sounds odd and strange, but ego identities are, by their very nature, slightly left of
sanity. Sit in the psychic skin of any type and you will begin to understand the incongruence they
experience. While the Two edits out any negative feelings and shoots for being happy, and the Three
blocks feelings and goes into performance mode for appreciation and applause, the Four, attached to
their experience of deep suffering, can be very suspicious of those “happy, shallow” people who take
pleasure in mundane occurrences, and are satisfied with what they define as surface pleasure. Hey,
when you're Heart is blocked, you've got to come up with some ego-story to assuage that skin prickling
feeling that what you are doing to achieve contentment just isn't working. And truth be known, a prideful
ego-story is like a band-aid on gaping wound.
Well, the nature of any personality structure is to attach to a limited sort of perception and self-image,
and to keep one's ability to experience life in its fullness to a brief sort of low-key whisper. Every type
does it differently, and unconsciously. And the trick for each type is to begin to see and experience the
inner song of limitation that shapes the structure of their personality, sensing and noticing the current of
recurring thoughts and feelings that one mistakes for reality. And the truth be known, this fixated
personality mechanism snatches the magnificent beauty of each moment and shrinks it down to zero.
The poor thing just needs a little compassion and understanding so that it can finally rest, and loosen its
grip on you.
The Super Ego message that keeps Fours running on the treadmill of repetitious suffering is “You are
good or okay if you are true to your self, your unique identity.” Hello!!! Like that really helps! Here the
passion driven Four is struggling to sense their true identity, and the Super Ego whispers, “You're not
cutting it, kiddo. Look at you. You don't even know who you are. You're nothing. You barely exist. Can't
you sense how nothing you are, how you don't even exist. Give it up.” And the Four, already perplexed
by not knowing how to comprehend the emptiness he experiences when he tries to trump up a unique
identity, or why it disappears like sand through his fingers at a moments notice—freaks. And amps up his
efforts to look different, to be different, to create something that he can relate to as unique. Okay, so
he's got things backwards, but all the types do. Instead of going internal and sensing the hole of
emptiness that he's trying to fill, he takes his efforts outward, into ego building. At the average levels he
begins to identify with a self-image that asserts “I am the Special One.” The unique one. I'm different than
you and don't have to follow the rules of ordinary folks. You people are so boring and typical, by the way,
that God weeps for you. Never mind that I feel like I don't exist and can't land inside myself. And that my
sense of self is as fleeting as the wind. For the time being it at least gives me something to stand on
when I notice how mundane and ordinary you are. But not for very long, damn it.
The Four at the average levels is driven by the mental fixation of “imagination” and the passion of “envy”
and with these two mixing in the psyche the Four is prone to disappearing into imagination reveries
where he fuels feeling of envy with imagination stories of how everyone else is happier. “Just look at
them!!! Pedestrian foolish people, happy as turtles in soup. Content with nothing special. I envy them so
much I could scream, how can they be happy when I'm miserable. And yet, I would never want to be like
them.” It is here that the Enneagram is a map and key to the Four's soul retrieval, and freedom from his
habitual imagination patterns that keep him bereft and disabled from experiencing the depth and beauty
of his being, and that which is truly unique to him.
 From Riso & Hudson Part 1 Training Manuel, p. 260, Personality Type Four, which describes the Type
Four primary attributes, etc. All Rights Reserved Copyright 2001 The Enneagram Institute.
2 From the Enneagram Institute’s website, From Free Hudson-Riso materials, Section 3, The Types in Brief.
All Rights Reserved Copyright 2001 The Enneagram
3 From Riso & Hudson Part 1 Training Manuel, p. 260, Personality Type Four, which describes the Type Four
Basic Fear, Desire, etc. All Rights Reserved Copyright 2001 The Enneagram Institute.
4 From the Enneagram Institute’s website,How the Enneagram System Works, “The Triads.” All Rights
Reserved Copyright 2001 The Enneagram Institute.
5 For an understanding of the Superego message in all the Types, read Don Riso and Russ Hudson’s
wonderful books: The Wisdom of the Enneagram, Personality Types, Understanding the Enneagram, and
Discovering Your Personality Type.
6 From the Enneagram Institute’s website, from How the Enneagram System Works, “Levels of Development.”
All Rights Reserved Copyright 2001 The Enneagram Institute.
7 From Riso & Hudson Part 1 Training Manuel, p. 260, Personality Type Four, which describes the Passion
and the Fixation of the Four. All Rights Reserved Copyright 2001 The Enneagram Institute.
|Enneagram Center for Transformation and Change
South Portland, Maine 04106
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The Enneagram Center for Transformation and Change. All rights reserved.
*Information on each of the nine Riso-Hudson type names and related Enneagram concepts are from the
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